Our work on the role of CtBP1 in retrieval of synaptic vesicles is online.
Ivanova et al. demonstrate a dual role of CtBP1 in synaptic transmission. Nuclear CtBP1 restricts synaptogenesis and vesicular release probability, whereas presynaptic CtBP1 promotes compensatory endocytosis via activation of the lipid enzyme PLD1. Phosphorylation by Pak1 controls the redistribution of CtBP1 from active zones toward endocytic sites linking presynaptic exo- and endocytosis.